Nepal’s new constitution recognizes health as a fundamental right. The state, as executor of the rights set out in the new constitution will determine how it will define and implement that right. As such, the development of the nation’s health care sector is still in its infancy. However the nation’s health policies has evolved and the government has acknowledged that it has the primary responsibility to control the spread of communicable diseases, to reduce infant mortality rates, and to control the occurrence of non-communicable diseases, and to manage unpredicted health disasters. Also to be factored into the policy is the provision of quality health services to senior citizens, those who are physically and mentally challenged, and to poor and marginalized communities.